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The difference between maleic anhydride and glycidyl methacrylate crosslinking technology

Time : 2023-06-19 Hits : 3


In several sectors, cross-linking agents play a crucial role, particularly in the polymerization of adhesive and coating resins. Glycidyl methacrylate (GMA) and maleic anhydride (MAH) are two common compounds utilized as cross-linking agents. This article compares the features, benefits, and drawbacks of these two cross-linking agents and focuses on how they are used in diverse industrial domains.

Chemical Structure

Both the functional groups MAH and GMA can offer extra reactive sites for polymerization processes. MAH is a cyclic molecule with a carboxyl group linked to one side of the molecule and two carbonyls joined together to create a double bond. Carboxylic acid groups may react with a wide range of chemical molecules and are reactive with alcohol groups. In contrast, GMA has two functional groups: a methacrylate group that can react with acrylate and methacrylate and an epoxide ring that may engage in polymerization reactions with amines, hydroxyl, and carboxyl groups.


The unique application and needed mechanical qualities of the finished product influence the choice of cross-linking agents. For instance, MAH may crosslink with a variety of polymeric substances, such as polyesters, polyamides, and polyurethanes, and the resulting cross-link network can provide products an improved level of toughness, stiffness, and adhesion. However, during curing, the interaction between MAH and the polymer matrix has a tendency to create too much thermal stress, which causes shrinkage, cracking, and poor product performance.  GMA  cross-linking, on the other hand, is a lower temperature process that cures without creating thermal stress. The end product's toughness, elongation at break, and impact resistance are all improved by the GMA cross-link network.

GMA is thus frequently employed in situations where a high level of flexibility is needed, such as in adhesives for the aerospace and automobile sectors.


In several sectors, including the automotive, aerospace, building, and electronics industries, MAH and GMA are often utilized as cross-linking agents. Unsaturated polyester resins, which are frequently used to make pipes and sheets, are best produced using MAH. The MA Hnetwork can retain the stiffness of unsaturated polyester resins while enhancing their chemical and fire resistance. MAH cross-linking is utilized in electronic applications to create fiber-reinforced polymers and printed circuit boards that can withstand heat and chemicals.

For the creation of adhesives and coatings that need high tensile strength, toughness, and flexibility, GMA is utilized as a cross-linking agent. GMA cross-linking enhances the adhesive bonding of body panels and lessens noise and vibration in the automobile sector. GMA cross-linking is utilized in the construction industry to provide high-performance coatings that can withstand corrosion, abrasion, and chemical assault.


When making adhesives, coatings, and composites, cross-linking agents like MAH and GMA are both often utilized. Both of them have special qualities, benefits, and drawbacks. GMA is favored for applications requiring toughness, flexibility, and impact resistance while MAH is preferred to boost stiffness and adhesion qualities but might cause excessive heat stress during curing. The decision is affected by the product application, performance specifications, and processing circumstances. In order to choose the best agent for a given application, it is crucial to comprehend the traits, benefits, and drawbacks of these two cross-linking agents.


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